Addiction is a complex but treatable disease that affects brain function and behavior. Abuse of drugs or alcohol may alter the brain’s structure and function, resulting in changes that persist long after drug use or alcohol use has ceased. This may explain why abusers are at risk for relapse even after long periods of abstinence despite the potentially devastating consequences.
Individualized Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment
No single drug treatment or alcohol treatment is appropriate for everyone. Matching treatment settings, interventions, and services to an individual’s particular problems and needs is critical to their success in returning to productive functioning in the family, workplace, and society.
Drug or Alcohol addicted individuals may be uncertain about entering treatment, and taking advantage of available services when people are ready for treatment is critical. Treatment needs to be readily available. Potential patients can be lost if treatment is not immediately available or readily accessible. As with other chronic diseases, the earlier treatment is offered in the disease process, the greater the likelihood of positive and lasting outcomes.
Successful treatment attends to multiple needs of the individual, not just his or her drug or alcohol abuse. Effective treatment must address the individual’s drug abuse and any associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal problems. Treatment must also be appropriate to the individual’s age, gender, ethnicity, and culture.
A Complex Process In Addiction Rehab Centers in California
Research indicates that most individuals suffering from addiction need at least three months in treatment to reduce or stop drug or alcohol use significantly. The best outcomes occur with longer durations of treatment. The appropriate duration for an individual depends on the type and degree of his or her problems and needs. Remaining in treatment for an adequate period of time is critical. Inspire Malibu drug and alcohol rehab is the best it can be in California,
Recovery from drug or alcohol addiction is a long-term process and frequently requires multiple treatment episodes. As with other chronic illnesses, relapses to drug or alcohol abuse can occur and should signal a need for treatment to be reinstated or adjusted. Because individuals often leave treatment prematurely, programs should include strategies to engage and keep patients in treatment. Inspire Malibu in California specialize in this type of practice.
Different Approaches At California Drug And Alcohol Rehab Addiction Treatment Centers
Individual and/or group counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of drug abuse treatment. Behavioral therapies vary in focus and may involve addressing a patient’s motivation to change, providing incentives for abstinence, building skills to resist drug or alcohol use, and replacing drug or alcohol using activities with constructive and rewarding once.
Different approaches of drug addiction or alcohol addiction treatment also focus on improving problem-solving skills and facilitating better interpersonal relationships. During and following treatment, personal participation in group therapy and other peer support programs can help maintain abstinence.
California Drug Rehab Addiction Treatment Center
For many patients, a continuing care approach provides the best results, with the treatment intensity varying, according to a person’s changing needs. Initially, an individual’s treatment and service plan must be assessed, and then it must be continually modified as necessary to ensure that it meets his or her present need. A patient may require varying combinations of service and treatment components during rehabilitation, treatment, and recovery. In addition to counseling or psychotherapy, a patient may require family therapy, parenting instruction, vocational rehabilitation, and/or social and legal services.
California Alcohol Rehab and Drug Addiction Rehab Treatment
Many drug or alcohol addicted individuals might also have other mental disorders. Because drug or alcohol abuse and addiction, both of which are mental disorders, often co-occur with other mental illnesses, patients presenting with one condition should be assessed for the other(s). When these problems co-occur, treatment should address both (or all) issues.
Motivational enhancement and incentive strategies, begun at initial patient intake, can improve treatment engagement. Treatment does not need to be voluntary to be effective.
Sanctions or enticements from family, employment settings, and/or the criminal justice system can significantly increase treatment entry, retention rates, and the ultimate success of drug treatment interventions.
Monitoring California Alcohol Rehab and Drug Addiction Treatment Programs
Drug or alcohol use and lapses during treatment do occur, and patients in the treatment facility must be monitored continuously. Monitoring a patient’s progress provides an early indication of a return to drug or alcohol use, signaling a possible need to adjust an individual’s treatment plan to better meet his or her needs. When patients know their drug or alcohol use is being monitored, it can be a powerful incentive to help withstand urges to use.
Drug and Alcohol Addiction Treatment Centers And Infectious Diseases
Typically, drug or alcohol abuse treatment addresses some of the drug or alcohol related behaviors that put people at risk of infectious diseases. Targeted counseling specifically focused on reducing infectious diseases. Risk can help patients further reduce or avoid substance-related and other high-risk behaviors characterized by intense and, at times, uncontrollable drug or alcohol craving, along with compulsive drug seeking and use that persist even in the face of devastating consequences.
Treatment programs should assess patients for the presence of HIV/ AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases as well as provide targeted risk-reduction counseling to help patients modify or change behaviors that place them at risk of contracting or spreading infectious diseases. Counseling can also help those who are already infected to manage their illness. Patients may be reluctant to accept screening for HIV (and other infectious diseases); therefore, it is incumbent upon treatment providers to encourage and support HIV screening and inform patients that highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has proven effective in combating HIV, among drug abusing populations.
Effects Of Drug Addiction On The Brain
Many people do not realize that addiction is a brain disease. While the path to drug addiction begins with the act of taking drugs, over time, a person’s ability to choose not to do so becomes compromised, and seeking and consuming the drug becomes compulsive. This behavior results primarily from the effects of prolonged drug exposure on brain functioning. Addiction affects multiple brain circuits, including those involved in reward and motivation, learning and memory, and inhibitory control over behavior.
Drug abuse and addiction increase a person’s risk for a variety of other mental and physical illnesses related to a drug-abusing lifestyle and the toxic effects of the drugs themselves. Addiction is often more than just compulsive drug taking. It can also produce far-reaching consequences. Some individuals are more vulnerable than others to becoming addicted, depending on genetic makeup, age of exposure to drugs, other environmental influences, and the interplay of all these factors.
California Alcohol Rehab and Drug Addiction Treatment Centers Multiple Dimensions
Because alcohol and drug addiction have many dimensions and disrupt many aspects of an individual’s life, treatment is not simple. A wide range of dysfunctional behaviors can result from drug or alcohol abuse and interfere with normal functioning in the family, the workplace, and the broader community.
Effective treatment programs typically incorporate many components, each directed to a particular aspect of the illness and its consequences Addiction treatment must help the individual stop using drugs, maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and achieve productive functioning in the family, at work, and in society. Because addiction is a disease, people cannot simply stop using drugs for a few days and be cured. Most patients require long-term or repeated episodes of care to achieve the ultimate goal of sustained abstinence and recovery of their lives.
Scientific research and clinical practice have demonstrated the value of continuing care in treating addiction with a variety of approaches tested and integrated into a community setting. As we look toward the future, we will harness new research results on the influence of genetics and environment on gene function and expression (i.e., epigenetic), which are heralding the development of personalized treatment interventions. These findings will be integrated with current evidence supporting the most effective drug abuse and addiction treatments and their implementation.
NIDA Drug Addiction Treatment Centers
The National Institute on Drug Abuse’s Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment is intended to address addiction to a wide variety of drugs, including nicotine, alcohol, and illicit and prescription drugs. It is designed to serve as a resource for health care providers, family members, and other stakeholders trying to address the myriad problems faced by patients in need of treatment for drug abuse or addiction.
Visit the NIDA website
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